Wednesday 20 February 2013

Bats in the Daytime

Bat sightings aren't all that unusual in the grounds of Blair Castle; there are plenty of good roosting places in all the old stonework and lots of trees and undergrowth harboring insects to feed on. More unexpected, was spotting a bat flitting about near St. Bride's Kirk at midday on Monday. Bats being nocturnal by habit, it was fairly unusual to see one happily going about the business of catching itself a good meal.

Common Pipistrelle bat. Image: Giles San Martin. Some Rights Reserved
Common Pipistrelle bat. Image: CC Giles San Martin.
What drew first attention to the bat, immediately marking it apart from a bird, was its flight. Not smooth like a bird's, but jerky and halting, almost as if it were leap-frogging through the air and lunging from one wing-beat to the next, changing direction quickly to keep up with its prey. Not having a camera to hand, there is no photo to show, and bats can be tricky to identify visually, but the most likely suspect is a pipistrelle, one of the UK's most common chiropteran ('hand-winged') mammals. There are two species of pipistrelle commonly found in the UK, the common pipistrelle (Pipistrellus pipistrellus, our likely suspect) and the soprano pipistrelle (Pipistrellus pygmaeus). Both are around the same size, their bodies are about 4 cm long, very small indeed as you can see in the picture above. They are so similar that until the 1990's they were thought to be the same species and can often only be accurately distinguished from each other by their call, inaudible to the human ear without a bat detector which can pick up their very high frequency sounds.

It may be highly unusual but it isn't unheard of, for bats to come out in the daytime. Usually they sleep in the day and come out to hunt at night, making great use of their fantastically accurate echolocation skills to hone in on insects and snap them up in mid-flight. The main reason for their nocturnal habit is avoidance of predators but it also means that there are fewer competitors for the same food sources at night. The bat we saw had most likely woken early from hibernation, roused by the milder weather of the last two days and a hungry appetite to satiate. There were definitely a few insects buzzing about, making the best of the warm (early spring?) sunshine, or at least the ones that weren't being snapped up...
  • You can find pictures and videos of Pipistrelle and other bats (and more nature besides) at
  • The Bat Conservation Trust have a wealth of information about bats and ways to find out more or get involved with conserving these charismatic creatures. They also have a very useful section on dealing with bats in your house.

Wednesday 6 February 2013

More About Eagles

A white-tailed eagle was seen at Kindrochet Lodge at Calvine last week. They are pretty distinctive birds - bigger than a golden eagle and less 'shaped', so they look like a big flying door. In fact, they are Scotland's largest bird of prey. The white tail is also a giveaway, although the juveniles don't have this. They are also much more liberal in their diet than golden eagles, eating pretty much anything including fish, gulls and rabbits, but also very happy to scavenge carrion or steal the catch of another bird or otter.


White-tailes eagles, also known as sea eagles, are now a relatively common sight on parts of the west coast of Scotland. A successful reintroduction project, after their extinction in 1916, has brought them back to the west of Scotland. A reintroduction on the east coast of Scotland has just come to an end. A total of 85 birds were released over th elast 6 years in locations in Fife and Tayside.

If you see a white-tailed eagle anywhere in the east of Scotland, the RSPB would be very happy to get your sighting, as they are following the success of these birds - Although the birds tend to be coastal, they are found inland too as the sighting at Calvine shows - Calvine is the furthest point from the sea anywhere in Scotland. They are also keen to hear of any red kite sightings in Perthshire as these birds have been spreading their range too.